What Is Top Dressing Golf Greens?

Topdressing is the process of spreading a layer of sand, or a mixture of sand and loam – nutrient-filled clay and organic material – across the green. Techniques usually fall into two camps – little and often, or heavy and rare, maybe just once or twice a year.


  • Topdressing is the practice of spreading sand on greens, tees and fairways. It has been a key part of golf course maintenance practices from the beginning and with so many benefits to the overall health of the turf our golf course superintendents value the topdressing maintenance program we provide.

Why do we top dress greens?

Topdressing improves putting greens smoothness, increases firmness and dilutes thatch. Thatch is a layer of dead and living plant material just below the turf surface.

Why do they put sand on golf greens?

Sand helps cushion leaf tips and crowns and reduces algae. Increased Firmness – Turf produces organic matter in the upper rootzone that creates soft, spongy playing conditions. Regular sand topdressing, along with core aeration, improves surface firmness and resiliency.

What do golf courses use for top dressing?

Golf Courses – Top Dressing

  • Sand is a common and inexpensive topdressing material.
  • Calcined clay has the advantage of both internal pore space as well as bridge pore space between particles.
  • The benefits of topdressing with a calcined clay include leaving channels in the filled aerification holes.

What do they spray on golf greens?

Chlorpyrifos is an organophosphate insecticide used extensively in the agricultural industry, as well as on golf courses, green houses, and as mosquito adulticide.

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How do you Topdress greens?

Topdressing is no exception. It’s a given a topdressing program should be tailored to meet the needs of a particular golf course. Most superintendents topdress with straight sand, but others topdress with a mix of sand and organic matter, be it mushroom soil or peat. Some even topdress with 100 percent peat.

How do you get black layer off greens?

Management practices may be exacerbating the problem through inappropriate applications of fertilizer, or the overuse of irrigation. However, black layer can be reduced and/or eliminated through correct cultural practices. The use of bio-stimulents and microbial inoculants is also claimed to reduce black layer.

Are golf greens real grass?

Grasses are specifically selected for use on putting greens. Turfgrass breeders and natural selection have improved putting green grasses over many years. Bermudagrass, creeping bentgrass and Poa annua are the most commonly managed turfgrasses on putting greens in the United States.

When Should I aerate my golf greens?

The most common time to aerify is late summer, and that’s also widely thought to be the best time to aerate, agronomically speaking, because holes heal quickly, and greens have typically recovered before any late-summer or autumn golf tournaments.

Why do golf courses cover their greens?

Advocates for cover systems value the protection they provide against desiccating winds, cold temperatures and ice encasement. Many golf courses that manage annual bluegrass in northern climates use cover systems to avoid extensive and frequent turf losses across putting greens.

What type of sand is used on golf greens?

Of course the coarser the sand, the higher the infiltration rate and the finer the sand the lower the infiltration rate. An ideal sand for golf greens would have from 35% very coarse sand, 2025% coarse sand, 5055% medium sand, 2025% fine sand, and 2% very fine sand.

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What kind of sand is used on golf greens?

While silica sand is generally preferred over calcareous sands due to its resistance to chemical weathering, many golf courses have been using calcareous sands successfully in bunkers for many years.

What type of grass is used on golf greens in Florida?

Bermuda is one of the most well-known and commonly used turf grasses installed on golf courses in warm locations such as Florida. It repairs rapidly and withstands traffic well. It is both heat- and drought-tolerant.

What do golf courses use to keep grass green?

Golf course turf receives adequate nutrients from regular fertilizing. Fertilizers typically contain a balance of potassium and nitrogen, which helps the grass stay strong, even when it’s subjected to extreme temperature and heavy traffic.

What is the white foam on the golf course?

Along with this explaination, it should be noted that if you ever see little droplets of a white, foamy substance on the course, especially in the early morning, this is another way of marking the sprayer’s path with a very mild foamy soap solution ( think bubble bath ).

Do they use Roundup on golf courses?

D. Glyphosate is the active ingredient in Roundup and related non-selective herbicide products. Roundup is one of the most widely used herbicides in the world, and, in my ex- perience, is applied on most U.S. golf courses. An authoritative scientific group has established that glyphosate is a probable human carcinogen.

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